Yantu Gongcheng Xuebao/Chinese Journal of Geotechnical Engineering http://ytgcxb.periodicales.com/index.php/CJGE en-US Yantu Gongcheng Xuebao/Chinese Journal of Geotechnical Engineering Stability of embankments over geogrid-encased stone column-improved soft soils http://ytgcxb.periodicales.com/index.php/CJGE/article/view/341 <p>The soft soils pose a problem of the earthwork's stability; the treatment of this type of soil by a group of stone columns is a recent technique which makes it possible to ensure a good resistance of the vertical stresses. This paper focuses on the numerical analysis of embankment over geogrid-encased stone column-improved soft soil. The finite difference code Fast Lagrangian Analysis of Continua in 3 Dimensions (FLAC3D) was used to determine the factor of safety and the horizontal displacements of the stone columns. The embankment fill, the subsoil, and the stone columns were modeled by an elasto-plastic model with a Mohr-Coulomb yield criterion and associated flow rule. In this study, several geometrical and mechanical parameters have been considered, such as the stiffness modulus of the geosynthetic, the embankment fill height, friction angle and stiffness of the stone columns, the undrained cohesion and soft soils depth. The factors of the security obtained by a three-dimensional computation were compared with the results of a two-dimensional computation. The results of this study show the influence of the diameter and the spacing of the stone columns on the factor of safety.</p> Mohamed Labed; Naas Allout Copyright (c) 2023 2023-12-04 2023-12-04 45 12 1 21 Employing symbols in modern Arabic poetry:The collection “My Heart Is Passing Here” by the poet Yara Abu Fakhr as an example (an applied analytical study) Preparation http://ytgcxb.periodicales.com/index.php/CJGE/article/view/342 <p>The research deals with a thorny and exciting topic entitled the employment of symbols in modern Arabic poetry. Especially the poetry collection My Heart Is Passing Here by the poet Yara Abu Fakhr, an applied and analytical study, and these applications were strongly presented on the literary scene. In this study, I used the analytical method that follows the literary text with criticism and analysis, in order to highlight the most important issues included in the collection. The research focuses on the concept of the symbol in literature, linguistically and idiomatically, as stated in the intermediate dictionary, it is the gesture, the sign, and the sign. The symbol in the science of rhetoric is the hidden metaphor, and its plural is symbols. Symbol in literature, technically: It is an artistic method used by the writer, according to his emotional experience or artistic outlook, and it contributes to forming the meaning that he wants to convey. The symbol is a word, phrase, character, or the name of a place, and it includes two meanings, one direct and apparent, and the other hidden, linked to the meaning that is intended to be conveyed. Such as the use of the dove as a symbol of peace, blood as a symbol of war and murder, rain as a symbol of goodness, and the scales as a symbol of justice. Symbolism in English (SYMBOLISM) is considered a critical literary issue expressing many important issues included in the folds of various literary texts, whether prose or poetry</p> Dr. Sanaa Soliman Saeed Mostafa Copyright (c) 2023 2023-12-04 2023-12-04 45 12 22 27 Applying technology to develop medical tourism in Vietnam to enhance economic competitiveness http://ytgcxb.periodicales.com/index.php/CJGE/article/view/344 <p>Medical tourism has emerged as a significant global industry, with countries worldwide competing to attract international patients seeking quality healthcare services at competitive prices. Vietnam, with its rich cultural heritage, scenic beauty, and a growing healthcare sector, has the potential to become a leading destination for medical tourism. This paper aims to explore the application of technology in developing medical tourism in Vietnam, thereby enhancing its economic competitiveness. To harness the full potential of technology in developing medical tourism, Vietnam needs to invest in robust digital infrastructure, cybersecurity measures, and training programs for healthcare professionals to ensure a seamless and secure technological ecosystem. Collaboration between government bodies, healthcare providers, and technology companies is essential to establish standardized protocols, quality assurance mechanisms, and regulatory frameworks. By embracing technology, Vietnam can enhance its economic competitiveness in the medical tourism industry. The successful implementation of telemedicine, EMRs, digital marketing, and immersive technologies will attract a greater number of international patients, generate revenue, create employment opportunities, and contribute to overall economic growth&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> Nguyen Thi Ngoc Linh Copyright (c) 2023 2023-12-13 2023-12-13 45 12 28 33 Research on the impact of the development of E-commerce and online markets on traditional businesses http://ytgcxb.periodicales.com/index.php/CJGE/article/view/345 <p>The rapid growth and development of e-commerce and online markets have revolutionized the way businesses operate in the modern digital era. This abstract provides an overview of the research conducted to analyze the impact of e-commerce and online markets on traditional businesses. The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of e-commerce and online markets on various aspects of traditional businesses, including sales, customer behavior, market competition, and business models. The research employed a mixed-methods approach, combining quantitative data analysis and qualitative interviews with industry experts and business owners. The quantitative analysis involved collecting data from multiple sources, including industry reports, government statistics, and company financial statements. This data was used to examine the trends in e-commerce growth and its correlation with the performance of traditional businesses in different sectors. While presenting new opportunities for growth and expanded customer reach, they also bring significant challenges in terms of adapting to changing customer behavior and facing increased competition. The findings of this study provide valuable insights for traditional businesses seeking to navigate the digital landscape and thrive in the evolving business environment&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> Nguyen Thi Ngoc Linh Copyright (c) 2023 2023-12-13 2023-12-13 45 12 34 39 Linguistic structure and multimedia: a contemporary linguistic study in the light of computational linguistics http://ytgcxb.periodicales.com/index.php/CJGE/article/view/343 <p>This research paper is concerned with studying the language and linguistic structure in modern digital poetics in light of contemporary linguistics, by studying the language and linguistic structure of interactive digital text or digital work as a complete unit and a comprehensive structure in which many multimedia have come together, by studying the linguistic structure of these media/texts. This was done through application to the interactive digital poem, so the topic was entitled ((Linguistic structure and multimedia: a contemporary linguistic study in light of computational linguistics)). The first topic: linguistic structure and multimedia, a theoretical study&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;The second topic: Linguistic structure and multimedia in the digital poem, an applied study in the light of computational linguisticsThe research reached several results, including: The study of the phonetic, morphological and grammatical linguistic structure of the work revealed the author’s consideration of the linguistic aspect in the compositional structure of the text and not relying on media only to express his experience.Multimedia represents elements and alphabets interconnected with language that are indispensable in digital construction Digital literature and the digital poem represented a tremendous overcoming of the linguistic barriers upon which paper literary works were based</p> Dr Eiman Abdelgabr Abdelsamie Allam Copyright (c) 2023 2023-12-04 2023-12-04 45 12 40 47 The Role of Leadership in Modern Business Administration http://ytgcxb.periodicales.com/index.php/CJGE/article/view/346 <p>Leadership stands as the cornerstone of modern business administration, wielding a profound influence on organizational success and sustainability. This article delves into the dynamic interplay between effective leadership and the intricate facets of contemporary business management. By exploring key leadership principles, styles, and their implications, we uncover the critical role leaders play in fostering innovation, driving organizational culture, and navigating the complexities of a rapidly evolving business landscape. Real-world examples and management theories further illuminate the symbiotic relationship between leadership and management. As we navigate the intricacies of modern business administration, understanding this relationship becomes imperative for aspiring professionals and seasoned executives alike&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> REDIYAR HUSSEIN SALIH, Assist. Prof. Dr. Dildar Haydar Ahmed Copyright (c) 2023 2023-12-15 2023-12-15 45 12 48 57