Yantu Gongcheng Xuebao/Chinese Journal of Geotechnical Engineering 2023-12-04T07:35:52+00:00 Principal Open Journal Systems Stability of embankments over geogrid-encased stone column-improved soft soils 2023-12-04T07:27:31+00:00 Mohamed Labed; Naas Allout s@s.b <p>The soft soils pose a problem of the earthwork's stability; the treatment of this type of soil by a group of stone columns is a recent technique which makes it possible to ensure a good resistance of the vertical stresses. This paper focuses on the numerical analysis of embankment over geogrid-encased stone column-improved soft soil. The finite difference code Fast Lagrangian Analysis of Continua in 3 Dimensions (FLAC3D) was used to determine the factor of safety and the horizontal displacements of the stone columns. The embankment fill, the subsoil, and the stone columns were modeled by an elasto-plastic model with a Mohr-Coulomb yield criterion and associated flow rule. In this study, several geometrical and mechanical parameters have been considered, such as the stiffness modulus of the geosynthetic, the embankment fill height, friction angle and stiffness of the stone columns, the undrained cohesion and soft soils depth. The factors of the security obtained by a three-dimensional computation were compared with the results of a two-dimensional computation. The results of this study show the influence of the diameter and the spacing of the stone columns on the factor of safety.</p> 2023-12-04T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Employing symbols in modern Arabic poetry:The collection “My Heart Is Passing Here” by the poet Yara Abu Fakhr as an example (an applied analytical study) Preparation 2023-12-04T07:35:52+00:00 Dr. Sanaa Soliman Saeed Mostafa s@s.b <p>The research deals with a thorny and exciting topic entitled the employment of symbols in modern Arabic poetry. Especially the poetry collection My Heart Is Passing Here by the poet Yara Abu Fakhr, an applied and analytical study, and these applications were strongly presented on the literary scene. In this study, I used the analytical method that follows the literary text with criticism and analysis, in order to highlight the most important issues included in the collection. The research focuses on the concept of the symbol in literature, linguistically and idiomatically, as stated in the intermediate dictionary, it is the gesture, the sign, and the sign. The symbol in the science of rhetoric is the hidden metaphor, and its plural is symbols. Symbol in literature, technically: It is an artistic method used by the writer, according to his emotional experience or artistic outlook, and it contributes to forming the meaning that he wants to convey. The symbol is a word, phrase, character, or the name of a place, and it includes two meanings, one direct and apparent, and the other hidden, linked to the meaning that is intended to be conveyed. Such as the use of the dove as a symbol of peace, blood as a symbol of war and murder, rain as a symbol of goodness, and the scales as a symbol of justice. Symbolism in English (SYMBOLISM) is considered a critical literary issue expressing many important issues included in the folds of various literary texts, whether prose or poetry</p> 2023-12-04T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023